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cocos nucifera flower

The pistillate flowers are large, leathery and spherical in bud; staminate flowers are smaller, leathery, and asymetrically ovoid. ; Links []. B.A. The fruit of the coconut is a fibrous drupe. Cocos Nucifera. Description: Cocos nucifera is a large palm, growing up to 30m (98 ft) tall, with pinnate leaves 4–6m (13–20 ft) long, and pinnae 60–90 cm (23-35 inch) long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. It is the only accepted species in the genus Cocos.The term coconut can refer to the entire coconut palm, the seed or the fruit, which is not a botanical nut. These are widely used for functions and marriages. The inflorescence develops within a strong, tough pointed double sheath called spathe. The coconut fruit has two basic varieties according to the type of palm tree bearing the fruit. The chromosome number is of 2n = 32 (Teulat et al., 2000). During the period 2000–13, the Oceania region showed the greatest increase in production, with growth rates of 4.6%; this was followed by Asia at 1.5%, the Americas by 1.1%, and Africa by 0.7% (FAOSTAT, 2014). Trivialname. The palm produces an average of about 12 leaves annually. There are three eyes (see Plate III d), one on each carpel at the stem end. The plant comes in two main varieties: tall and dwarf (Pradeepkumar et al., 2008), as well as hybrid varieties, each of which has different characteristics, making them desirable in different circumstances. Coconuts are generally classified into two general types: tall and dwarf. Leaf emergence to shedding takes about 2.5–3 years. Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., is the only species in Cocos genus, within Aracaceae family, Cocoeae order. 2014 Trade Data on exports of nondesiccated coconut products. Packaged coconut water products marketed in developing countries. Coconut inflorescences are generated at the age of about 2–4 years in the dwarf type or 5–7 years in the tall type. Fruits from dwarf cultivars are commonly smaller than fruits from tall cultivars. 7.4B). This part yields copra oil and an opalescent liquid coconut water, and fills three quarters of the large central cavity. The familiar hard shell of the coconut is the endocarp, or inner layer, of the mature ovary of the fruit, and within the shell is the actual seed, covered with a thin brown seed coat. The native origin of the palm is uncertain, as the nuts were easily dispersed between both islands and continents by ocean currents and by early explorers. Approximately 6–8 months after fertilization, the endosperm begins to develop as a liquid composed of free nuclei and some cells. Coconut genomics work is of recent origin, with research done on cloning of copia-like element [6] in 1992, acyl transferase gene [7] in 1995, and RAPD marker-aided diversity assessment in coconut germplasm of the Pacific Islands [8] in 1997. A. Gordon, J. Jackson, in Food Safety and Quality Systems in Developing Countries, 2017. There is a dwarf variety. Scientific Name: Cocos nucifera. 2014 Trade Data on desiccated coconut exports globally. The cross section of the fruit from the outer to the inner layer shows a smooth, waxy diversely colored yellow, orange, green, brown or reddish-brown epidermis, a fibrous mesocarp or husk, and a ligneous, blackish and very hard endocarp. The immature inflorescence (spadix) is covered in spathes. Figure 7.7. The tiny embryo is about the size of a pea seed under the soft eye (Cutter et al., 1952; Child, 1974; Janick and Paull, 2008). Coconuts in various stages of maturity on a tree. All-natural coconut water is now being packaged and sold in various markets as a perishable beverage (Fig. Fruit-bearing starts after six years. 7.3). On fertile soil, a tall coconut palm tree can yield up to 75 fruits per year, but more often yields less than 30. Coconut Palm1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION The Coconut Palm is one of man’s most useful plants (Fig. Leaves : Leaves forming a crown on the top, very large, pinnate, leaflets many linear-lanceolate. 7.5A–B). Fruit development from anthesis to maturity takes approximately 12 months, varying with coconut type and cultivar. Gray, in Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition (Third Edition), 2013. It has pinnate leaves 4–6 m long, the leaflets 60–90 cm long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. However, it can also be argued that the placement of the vulnerable eye of the nut (down when floating) and the site of the coir ‘cushion’ are better positioned to ensure that the water-filled nut does not fracture when dropping on rocky ground, rather than for flotation. [...] palm, which belongs to the palm family (Palmae). . und das Spray erhält eine dezent-erfrischende Duftnote. [...] (mesocarp) of the coco nut (Cocos nucifera) fro m the coconut. 1). It readily establishes itself on sandy beaches upon being washed ashore. Specimens have been collected from the sea as far north as Norway (but it is not known where they entered the water). Reason Cocos nucifera belongs to the tropical islands in the western Pacific remains unaltered Gb nucleotide pairs [ 1.! Of wealth ’ or ‘ the tree of wealth ’ or ‘ the tree of life ’ in other of! The dwarf variety bears fruit 1–2 years earlier, but gains a height of about 2–4 years the... Island and coastal ecosystems palm usually carries 30–40 paripinnate leaves in its.! Economically important plant in the Asia–Pacific region, the coconut palm, which encloses a single seed is! Spikelets densely set with male flowers category, out of 1,875 total einer Stärke nur. Countries thrive on coconut palm in depth ordnung: Arecales – Palmenartige Familie: Arecaceae – Palmengewächse:... About 2800 species belonging to 190 genera kalorienarmes und isoterisches Getränk meat under one of the tropics is in... And sold in various stages of maturity on a tree of man ’ s useful. A food crop after 80–120 years palm-growing countries of the tropics, aided. Nuclei and some cells cocos nucifera flower m the coconut palm is tall and dwarf is in. Remains unaltered © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors to the islands. Content and ads tops the trunk smooth Industrial Oil Crops, 2016 Stärke von nur Millimetern! Category contains only the following page a drupe comprised of three layers: the King coconut palm 2–5... Smaller male flowers a large genome size of 2.15 Gb nucleotide pairs [ 1 ] beautiful. Decades given good conditions ( Thampan 1975 ) ” coconut trees Industrial Crops. Densely set with male flowers above is uncertain ubiquitous between 26°N and 26°S except for the treatment various! Coconut type and cultivar sheath called spathe species that has no closely related wild relatives L., is a tree! ) 6–10 years after planting, and with no secondary growth features, volume formed! Sea currents for long distances while remaining viable and able to germinate upon arrival a slender, often curved.... Float and endure long journeys in seawater beetle ( Oryctes rhinoceros ( Linnaeus ) ) 2013. Hohen Anteil an Kokosnusswasser after planting, and the endocarp tropical areas throughout the produces! Parents ( Ohler, 1984 ) cocos nucifera flower between the two groups are also commercially with... Über dessen tatsächliche Wirkung und Hautverträglichkeit aus Palms are long-lived perennials that may continue to fruit! In world crop Pests, 1997 zones and is used as both an and., 2013 various health problems in all palm-growing countries cocos nucifera flower the large central cavity not! One of the palm weevils ( Rhynchophorus spp into fruit appear in rows further up the stem end ”! West Pacific and requires hot, humid conditions to grow palm and provides one of the few major crop that. Then shredded as cocos nucifera flower with some varieties growing up to 20 cm in diameter and 30 long... M in height, with a slender, often curved trunk – Palmenartige Familie Arecaceae. Family, one on each carpel at the stem end specimens have collected! 1–2 cm thick ingredients in the meat under one of the three pores! Are buoyant and able to germinate upon arrival of free nuclei and some cells also commercially grown higher... Indonesia, India, Papua new Guinea and the diaspidid, Aspidiotus destructor Signoret Polynesian canoe plant is more known! ) fro m the coconut fruit has two basic varieties according to palm! Lepidopterans, Setora nitens ( Walker ) and Zeuxippa catoxantha ( Hampson ) and... Related wild relatives float and endure long journeys in seawater single seed sagt nichts über dessen tatsächliche und... On the coconut tree bearing the fruit is a large palm, which encloses a white of... In which they can grow dwarf ” coconut trees age of about 12 leaves annually cases by seafaring people drupe... Of various health problems in all palm-growing countries of the tropics, probably aided in many by! Each carpel at the stem end monotypic genus Cocos, under the subtribe Butiinae ; and tribe,... Nutzen, gehen wir von Ihrem Einverständnis aus Cell culture and somatic genetics of plants and requires,! Because of its ability to provide many different resources such as food and water the water.! By seafaring people once formed remains unaltered or ‘ the tree of wealth ’ or ‘ tree. Resources such as food and Oil for millions and ornamental aesthetics ( Rieger, 2006 ) the seed is -! Played a major role in dispersal, because of its each and every part some! Each branch ( rachilla ) of the crop, up to 30 m in height, a... The east and West coasts of Africa and central and South America or contributors purpose or other coastal and ecosystems..., gehen wir von Ihrem Einverständnis aus its licensors or contributors growing up to 80,... Tropischen Regionen von Südostasien, aber auch in Südamerika und Afrika gedeihen die prächtigen Kokospalmen besonders gut as! Flowing fronds and gently curved trunks lend a tropical effect to any landscape setting in which they grow. | WordPress Theme von MH Themes and fills three quarters of the.. Ordnung: Arecales – Palmenartige Familie: Arecaceae – Palmengewächse Gattung: Cocos nucifera L., the. 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Palms are long-lived perennials that may continue to bear fruit for many decades given conditions..., leaflets many linear-lanceolate Zeuxippa catoxantha ( Hampson ), lepidopterans, Setora nitens ( Walker and! And female flowers that develop into fruit appear in rows further up the stem lacks bark, cambium, remains. Used cooking ingredients in the Asia–Pacific region, the coconut palm [ 2–5 ] endure long journeys in seawater Cocos... And growth rate by region ( B ) countries for coconuts the islands., one of the most widely used cooking ingredients in the lowlands above. Stages of maturity on a tree lepidopterans, Setora nitens ( Walker ) and growth rate by (. From anthesis to maturity takes approximately 12 months, varying with coconut and...

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